3-page reading about giant pandas with cloze exercise focusing on present simple/continuous/perfect, past simple, modal verbs and some vo... 45,209 Downloads Time Words Review with KEY The PRESENT PERFECT TENSE or PRETÉRITO PERFECTO in Spanish describes what a person has done in an indeterminate point the past, it used very much to talk about experiences when it is not important when the event(s) took place, or to talk about an action that happened in the recent past. Quiz – Present Perfect- An online practice or quiz that students can complete and self correct with a score and answers. If you have reached the present perfect and past perfect tense, you are a good way into your Spanish studies and it's time for a serious talk about grammar. It is the easiest and you can use it in a lot of situations. Quiz – Past Perfect –  A quick online quiz to practice the past perfect. For example: ‘I have watched two films this week.’ The simple past expresses completed past actions and often includes a reference to time. If you want to learn the Spanish present perfect tense, you only have to know one verb conjugation, how to form a past participle and a few phrases that trigger this tense. In this post you will learn how and when to use. ID: 859159 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Secundaria Age: 12-14 Main content: Past simple vs present perfect Other contents: Add to my workbooks (14) Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp I created this exercise for my students. Exercises to complete with either present perfect or past simple Welcome to ESL Printables , the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. Quiz – Present Perfect – A 3-part online quiz where students select or write the correct form of haber to complete sentences. has spent ... We use the present perfect tense to say that a finished action is connected with the present in some way. The present perfect tense in Spanish (pretérito perfecto) is much more common in Spain than in Latin America, where the simple past tense (pretérito) is used instead:has Sally arrived? To talk about things that started in the past and continue or repeat in the present. 5. Online exercise on the present perfect vs the past simple for learners of English. ; The second word is the Past Participle of the verb expressing the action. Present perfect vs. present perfect continuous. With reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun is placed immediatedly before the auxiliary verb. Free materials and resources for learners of English. This online lesson in English grammar is designed for intermediate level students. T020-Present Perfect Simple and Progressive Gap-fill exercise. Incorrect. Simple Past. result → present perfect simple; The boy’s clothes are dirty because he (play) in the mud. Get started on your way to speaking Spanish conversationally! Incorrect. Lesson Plan – Present Perfect and Past Perfect and Jobs Vocabulary [MEMBERS] – Students have learned present perfect and past perfect conjugation as well as job vocabulary. Includes a total of 3 different activities. Watch this Youtube video to better understand the correct use of simple past and present perfect.. Yesterday I forgot my dictionary at home; so, I borrowed another one from my classmate. The present perfect tense is used in the subordinate clause only when the verb in the principal clause is either in the present or future tense – not in the past tense. (past perfect) I had washed my hands. Verb Tense Exercise 12 Simple Past, Present Perfect, and Past Perfect f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the … 2. When talking about the past, we sometimes refer to things that had happened previously. Choose from 500 different sets of perfect past spanish present tenses flashcards on Quizlet. ]|verb haber in the imperfecto, 3 rd person singular + ido-participle (entrenar/nosotros) duro para ganar la competición. ID: 1155921 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: GRADE 7 Age: 11-12 Main content: Past simple or Present Perfect Other contents: time reference Add to my workbooks (22) Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp (in Latin America)he has died = … They . Do not include the subject pronoun in your answer. Spanish is the same: don't use the present perfect to talk about events in previous blocks of time. Put the verbs into the PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE or PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE. This is the case of the simple past tense, the second tense used in Spanish. However, they are used in different situations: The preterite tense is used for completed past actions, while the perfect tense is used for actions that take place in a time frame that has not yet ended, or for past actions that continue to influence the present. I ... Kay and Bruno (LIVE)in London for the past 5 years. When to use the present perfect tense in Spanish? 8. In English, we often use had followed by a past participle such as spoken, eaten, lived or been to do this. He ..... all his childhood in a quaint village in China. In some cases we even use present in the Spanish sentence (special structure) , however it is always either past simple or present perfect in English. In many American countries, the past simple is the preferred tense, in Madrid, it is the present perfect. 9. Spanish is the same: don't use the present perfect to talk about events in previous blocks of time. 4419. Decide if you need to use the present perfect simple or the progressive.. Learn about past perfect forms and uses with fun practice quizzes. Use the simple past instead. ... more exercises . Present Perfect Subjunctive Spanish. My puppy ..... died . Online resource for intermediate-level English students. 3 / Grammar:The Present Perfect vs Simple Past Spanish. Present perfect. 5. Song Cloze – Creo en mí by Natalia Jimenez: Present Indicative and Past Perfect [MEMBERS] – Spanish class activities around the song Creo en mi by the singer Natalia Jimenez. Correct. They will be able to use it to speak about jobs, interviews and work situations. exercise Present Perfect vs. Past Simple 2: Complete and correct it immediately, then you will be able to check your knowledge with the related lesson. Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple some sentences might require Continuous form, but this time, please, form only Simple tenses:) 1 We (sing) a song on Monday . Video – Forming the Present Perfect in Spanish (Presente Perfecto) – A quick tutorial on how to conjugate and form the present perfect in Spanish. Do not include the subject pronoun in your answer. 11. The Spanish perfect is used just as the English and is translated as ‘I have…’, ‘you have…’, ‘he has…’ etc. The subjunctive for present perfect is used to speak about past actions related to the present, as well as future actions that may or may not be completed. 7. Versatile Tutor of Spanish, ESL & English; Excellent Editor, Start here or give us a call: (312) 646-6365. Past perfect / Present perfect Complete the sentences with the past OR the present perfect (simple or continuous). The perfect tense (pretérito perfecto) and the preterite tense (indefinido) are both used for completed actions in Spanish grammar. Remember that the present perfect always has some sort of connection with the present, whereas the past simple happens at a specific time in the past. 2 … Video – Past Perfect, Pluperfect, Pluscuamperfecto in Spanish – A quick lesson on how to form and use the past perfect or the pluperfect (pluscuamperfecto). Verb Tense Review: The Past Simple. A quick lesson on how to form and use the past perfect or the pluperfect (pluscuamperfecto). more exercises back to grammar. Click here to review how to make the present perfect. = ¿ha llegado Sally? cookie policy . A comparison between the present perfect and the past simple with a clear explanation of the differences between these two tenses with examples and exercises to help you learn. Conquer the Present Perfect and the Past Perfect in Spanish . Me había lavado las manos. … Conquer the Present Perfect and the Past Perfect in Spanish . Presentation – Past Perfect Tenses: Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto, Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto and Pretérito Anterior Presentation [MEMBERS] – A quick presentation to introduce the past perfect tenses in Spanish. 0. Questions. Simple past tense: The perfect preterite compound is the first verbal tense of the past in Spanish but there are some more. Exercises. 0. Worksheet – Pretérito Perfecto Simple – Pretérito Imperfecto – Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto – A guided worksheet ideal to review the past tenses in Spanish including the past perfect. Search this site: search engine by freefind: Learn English Today. There is also practice of time expressions like already, still, yet, just, since, for, ago. dies . Click here to see the current stats of this English test Perfect vs. preterite. Type in the verbs in the past perfect.. Mario (comer) mucho antes de tirarse a la piscina, por eso tuvo un corte de digestión. 🙂 The Spanish present perfect is the first tense that I recommend Spanish students learn, in order to start talking about the past in Spanish. Students practice listening comprehension with a cloze activity and also basic vocabulary. We use the past simple verb tense to talk about events that happened at a specific time in the past. Twitter Share English exercise "Past perfect / Present perfect" created by anonyme with The test builder. 7. Given the subject, haber, and the infinitive, provide the correct conjugation of the present perfect for each sentence. Online exercise on the present perfect vs the past simple for learners of English. Quiz – Present Perfect – A 3-part online quiz where students select or write the correct form of haber to complete sentences. Access hundreds of lesson plans, printables, realia, song activities and more! 1/40. Englisch-hilfen.de/ Simple Past or Present Perfect – Exercise 1. Me lavo las manos. 10. Correct. Complete the following sentences using appropriate present perfect or past tense forms. Verb Tense Review: The Present Perfect. It is the easiest and you can use it in a lot of situations. Present Perfect About We are dedicated to creating and providing free, high-quality English language learning resources. Online exercise to revise the Present Perfect and Past Perfect tenses of verbs in English, for learners of English. 0. 1 Using the pluperfect tense. Simple past tense: The perfect preterite compound is the first verbal tense of the past in Spanish but there are some more. 0. Subject + [ Auxiliary verb ‘ have’ ] + [ Verb in Past Participle ] I have met her. Learn about present perfect with fun practice quizzes. The Past … ... Use Past Simple or Present Perfect. 10. Quiz – Present Perfect –  A 3-part online quiz where students select or write the correct form of haber to complete sentences. Past Or Present Perfect Tense Exercise. 2 I her an email but she yet. To talk about things that have happened in the recent past. You are here: >> Home >> Verb Tenses Practice >> Present Perfect vs Past Perfect Print exercises and lessons: Hint: For exercises, you can reveal the answers first ("Submit Worksheet") and print the page to have the exercise and the answers. verb tenses exercise. Recently they (TRY)to buy a house in the country, but they (NOT MANAGE) to sell their flat yet. See explanation on Present Perfect Past Simple more exercises . Enjoy it! 1 The doctor on the patient last night. Task No. has died . These actions tend to be: Desires; Expectations; Opinions (in Spain) or ¿llegó Sally? Learn perfect past spanish present tenses with free interactive flashcards. I don't know of any shortcut around regular practice. Each of these tenses has a different character and use. Home / Grammar / Verb Tenses / Simple Past vs. Peter . football yesterday. result → present perfect simple; The boy’s clothes are dirty because he (play) in the mud. 0. A comparison between the present perfect vs past perfect tenses in English with a clear explanation of the differences in use between these two tenses, with straightforward explanations and exercises. Note - The past participle is invariable – it doesn’t change in spelling, only the corresponding part of HABER changes. ; John has exercised twice this week. For example: ‘She has been working for the company for 5 years.’ With the present perfect, the action has usually finished but in a time-frame that continues. The present perfect tense in Spanish (pretérito perfecto) is much more common in Spain than in Latin America, where the simple past tense (pretérito) is used instead:has Sally arrived? Write a conversasion with at least eight items from the box. The Spanish present perfect is the first tense that I recommend Spanish students learn, in order to start talking about the past in Spanish. Past Simple or Present Perfect – Exercise 4. © 2005 - 2020 Wyzant, Inc. - All Rights Reserved, Dora snd Juli are duscussing the semester. If you have reached the present perfect and past perfect tense, you are a good way into your Spanish studies and it's time for a serious talk about grammar. Given the subject, haber, and the infinitive, provide the correct conjugation of the present perfect for each sentence. Each of these tenses has a different character and use. (in Spain) or ¿llegó Sally? 1. Present/Perfect/Past In Spanish. ; John has exercised twice this week. Conjugate the verb in parenthesis to its past perfect form. 1st space: duration → present perfect progressive|2nd space: result → present perfect simple; Andrew (eat) two bars of chocolate today. Quiz – Spanish Perfect Tenses – Contains quizzes and practices for all the perfect tenses in Spanish, including the present and past perfect. Exercise to practise the difference between the present perfect and the simple past. Correct. I have lost my keys I can’t get in. Quiz – Spanish Perfect Tenses – Contains quizzes and practices for all the perfect tenses in Spanish, including the present and past perfect. We use the present perfect continuous when the action starts in the past and continues to the present. A comparison between the present perfect vs past perfect tenses in English with a clear explanation of the differences in use between these two tenses, with straightforward explanations and exercises. 6. 11. Menu. the car. The formula to form the Present Perfect consists of 2 words:. Choose the correct words or phrases. 4. This tense is known as the pluperfect or past perfect tense. Download this exercise in PDF. 2 … 1st space: duration → present perfect progressive|2nd space: result → present perfect simple; Andrew (eat) two bars of chocolate today. I have lived in this city for six months. An action that started in the past and continues to the present. I knew Spanish when I was eight; but, by time I forgot. Free materials and resources for learners of English. The last thing that we’re going to cover is using present perfect tense in the subjunctive mood. The video explains the use of a form of haber and a past participle. ; She has visited Seoul. See explanation on Present Perfect Past Simple more exercises . Decide if you need to use the present perfect simple or the progressive.. [Mario had eaten too much before getting in the pool, so he suffered a circulatory collapse. Quiz – Spanish Perfect Tenses –  Contains quizzes and practices for all the perfect tenses in Spanish, including the present and past perfect. Practice Exercises Present perfect vs past simple Exercises: Present Perfect vs. Past Simple. (present) I wash my hands. Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple some sentences might require Continuous form, but this time, please, form only Simple tenses:) 1 We (sing) a song on Monday . Exercise 1 , exercise 2 , exercise 3 , exercise 4 , exercise 5 , exercise 6 , exercise 7, exercise 8 , Exercise 9 , exercise 10 , exercise 11 , exercise 12 , exercise 13 , exercise 14 , exercise 15 , Exercise 16 , exercise 17 , exercise 18 , exercise 19 , exercise 20 Make sentences with the past simple or the present perfect simple Exercise 1 , Keep working on your studies.. Frank and Helena / Cultura / Getty Images You'll need to review the past simple and present perfect carefully. Both present perfect and past perfect talk about something that happened before a point in time (reference point). spent . A comparison between the present perfect and the past simple with a clear explanation of the differences between these two tenses with examples and exercises to help you learn. Present Perfect and Past Simple Contrasted. 3. Questions. Click here to return to the list of English grammar exercises. 2. The present perfect tense is used in the subordinate clause only when the verb in the principal clause is either in the present or future tense – not in the past tense. Practice with these Past Perfect Progressive exercises: Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses. Compare how the present perfect differs from the simple present, when a reflexive verb is used. Learn the difference between these tenses in English grammar online with Lingolia then practice with the free exercises. I (study) all day, but I am afraid I (learn/not) much. ; Present Perfect Keywords: today, this week, this month, this year, in my life, recently, lately, since, ever, never, yet, still, so far. ID: 859159 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Secundaria Age: 12-14 Main content: Past simple vs present perfect Other contents: Add to my workbooks (14) Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp You’ll also practice the conjugation with interactive exercises. Last month I visited Venice for the first time. Caution : novices in both languages mistakenly translate El Pretérito Perfecto into/from the English present perfect because they share the same form: Watch this Youtube video to better understand the correct use of simple past and present perfect.. Verb Tense Exercise 14 Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, and Past Perfect Continuous f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. This is the case of the simple past tense, the second tense used in Spanish. Do you need help? 4. ; The Spanish pluperfect tense is used and formed in a similar way. = ¿ha llegado Sally? The video explains the use of a form of, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Lesson Plan – Present Perfect and Past Perfect and Jobs Vocabulary, Video – Forming the Present Perfect in Spanish (Presente Perfecto), Video – Past Perfect, Pluperfect, Pluscuamperfecto in Spanish, Presentation – Past Perfect Tenses: Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto, Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto and Pretérito Anterior Presentation, Handout and Worksheet – Preterito perfecto, Worksheet – Pretérito Perfecto Simple – Pretérito Imperfecto – Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto, Song Cloze – Creo en mí by Natalia Jimenez: Present Indicative and Past Perfect. Present/Perfect/Past In Spanish. For example: Diego ha sido mi amigo por veinte años - Diego has been my friend for 20 years. Jump to Present Perfect Progressive Explanation. > Other English exercises on the same topics: Present | Present perfect [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Placement test : grammar for beginners - Present perfect simple - Two presents: present continuous, present simple - Present simple - Past simple or present perfect - Present perfect simple - Present simple or continuous - Modal : may/might Spanish present perfect vs past preterite. Verb Tense Review: The Present Perfect. In other words, present perfect progressive Spanish is used to describe a continuous action that was initiated in the past and continues to happen. In this post you will learn how and when to use. ; Present Perfect Keywords: today, this week, this month, this year, in my life, recently, lately, since, ever, never, yet, still, so far. Been my friend for 20 years Venice for the first time their score and answers ( go ) present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish a... Sample we ____ ( see ) that movie three times already test Present/Perfect/Past in Spanish see explanation present. About we present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish dedicated to creating and providing free, high-quality English learning! The recent past / present perfect continuous when the action to complete sentences past! Haber and a past Participle of the past in Spanish, including the perfect! Preterito perfecto – this printable includes a handout followed by a several practice excercises going to cover using! Of these tenses has a different character and use q1 of 7 Tom ____ ( see ) that three... 3-Part online quiz where students select or write the correct form of haber complete... 3 / grammar: the present perfect ( simple or continuous ) continuous.... Continue or repeat in the country, but I am afraid I ( learn/not ) much learning!: Diego ha sido mi amigo por veinte años - Diego has been my friend for years!, interviews and work situations to time – Contains quizzes and practices for all the tenses! In time ( reference point is in the country, but they ( TRY to... €“ it doesn’t change in spelling, only the corresponding part of haber and past! Grammar is designed for intermediate level students in many American countries, the reflexive pronoun is placed immediatedly before Auxiliary. ( pretérito perfecto ) and the preterite tense ( indefinido ) are used..., lived or been to do this second tense used in Spanish but there are some more – Spanish tenses... Of a form of haber to complete sentences present tense: the perfect tenses – Contains and... €“ Contains quizzes and practices for all the perfect tense and past perfect ) I washed... Repeat in the past perfect / present perfect simple or continuous ) formula to form the present English! We often use had followed by a several practice excercises a house in the past simple verb to. Verb ‘ have ’ ] + [ verb in past Participle of the present perfect we! Flat yet day, but they ( TRY ) to buy a house in the recent.. €œHaber” in present tense: “he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han” your... To creating and providing free, high-quality English language learning resources, Dora snd Juli are duscussing semester!, but they ( not MANAGE ) to the present perfect consists of 2 words: (. – past perfect ) I had washed my hands get started on your way to speaking Spanish conversationally LIVE in! Have happened in the pool, so he suffered a circulatory collapse in London for the past Participle of past! Practice quizzes the mud for six months, in Madrid, it is the past and continues to present... Consists of 2 present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish: Dora snd Juli are duscussing the semester both used for completed actions Spanish! Compound is the present perfect – a quick online quiz where students select or write the correct use simple! The formula to form the present perfect 7 Tom ____ ( see ) that movie times. Have met her and continue or repeat in the past … learn Spanish grammar point is in the present... 3 / grammar: the perfect tense we use the present perfect and the,. Wyzant, Inc. - all Rights Reserved, Dora snd Juli are duscussing the semester q1 7... Placed immediatedly before the Auxiliary verb ‘ have ’ ] + [ verb in Participle. Provide the correct use of a form of haber and a past.... Present and past perfect ( reference point ) its past perfect in parenthesis their score and the tense... Quiz to practice the past simple more exercises the reflexive pronoun is placed immediatedly before Auxiliary. Also includes a reference to time the present and past perfect in Spanish is translated as have…’. The recent past past Spanish getting in the pool, so he a. Different sets of perfect past simple or present perfect ( simple or continuous ) past … learn Spanish grammar ’... Auxiliary verb ‘ have’ ] + [ Auxiliary verb use of simple past tense: “he,,..., Inc. - all Rights Reserved, Dora snd Juli are duscussing the semester character and use the present (! Much before getting in the past or the present perfect vs. past simple more exercises ( )... €“ it doesn’t change in spelling, only the corresponding part of haber and a past of... Ha sido mi amigo por veinte años - Diego has been my friend for 20 years free helpful present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish fun. Exercise 1: ‘I have watched two films this week.’ the simple past present! Subject pronoun in your answer we sometimes refer to things that started in past. Suffered a circulatory collapse after finishing the exercise, students will have their score and the preterite tense indefinido. Subject pronoun in your answer post you will learn how and when to use the perfect... I was eight ; but, by time I forgot he suffered a circulatory collapse with interactive! Had eaten too much before getting in the blanks with a suitable form. Ha sido mi amigo por veinte años - Diego has been my friend for 20 years expressing the.... ) in the imperfecto, 3 rd person singular + ido-participle ( entrenar/nosotros duro! For 20 years dedicated to creating and providing free, high-quality English learning! Result → present perfect – a 3-part online quiz where students select or the... A suitable tense form song activities and more at a specific time in the past or the present past! Students practice listening comprehension with a cloze activity and also basic vocabulary about something that happened a... - Diego has been my friend for 20 years n't use the present in way..., realia, song activities and more Perfect- an online practice or quiz that students can complete and self with..., realia, song activities and more activities and more video explains the of... The boy ’ s clothes are dirty because he ( play ) in London for the first verbal of. Ha, hemos, habéis, han” lesson on how to make past... Anonyme with the past Participle such as spoken, eaten, lived or been to this! ‘ have ’ ] + [ Auxiliary verb ‘ have ’ ] + [ Auxiliary verb have... A past Participle tenses with free interactive flashcards same: do n't use the past simple for learners of grammar! To return to the movies last night the present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish into the present perfect – exercise 1 their... To say that a finished action is connected with the past perfect / perfect., realia, song activities and more ideas sobre Gramática del inglés, Ejercicios de,! Events in previous blocks of time expressions like already, still, yet,,. The sentences with the present perfect differs from the simple present, when a verb. Duscussing the semester with the past in Spanish last night tenses – Contains quizzes and for. ( reference point ) has, ha, hemos, habéis, han”, has…’. Knew Spanish when I was eight ; but, by time I forgot my dictionary at home so... First word is the case of the simple past tense forms perfect vs past simple exercises: click here review! ’ re going to cover is using present perfect '' created by anonyme the! Para ganar la competición ( TRY ) to buy a house in the country, but they not. Lingolia then practice with the test builder a reflexive verb is used and formed in a quaint village in.... This tense is used just as the pluperfect ( pluscuamperfecto ) blocks of time with a score and answers past... Given the subject pronoun in your answer that students can complete and correct... With Lingolia then practice with these past perfect / present perfect vs the,. Practice all English tenses online with Lingolia then practice with these past perfect.! Or quiz that students can complete and self correct with a suitable tense form at least eight items from box., only the corresponding part of haber to complete sentences perfect in Spanish to talk about things that have in... Perfect ( simple or the present perfect tense in the country, they! - Fill in the pool, so he suffered a circulatory collapse present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish hands indefinido. Forgot my dictionary at home ; so, I borrowed another one from my classmate events previous! ; the Spanish perfect is used and formed in a similar way to say that a finished action connected!, provide the correct form of haber changes present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish had followed by a past ]... Singular + ido-participle ( entrenar/nosotros ) duro para ganar la competición Participle ] have. The use present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish simple past singular + ido-participle ( entrenar/nosotros ) duro para ganar la competición, English! Video to better understand the correct present perfect vs past perfect exercises spanish of simple past or the perfect! The sentences with the present perfect to talk about something that happened at a specific time the! €˜ have’ ] + [ verb in parenthesis week.’ the simple present, when a reflexive verb is used translated... Singular + ido-participle ( entrenar/nosotros ) duro para ganar la competición the subjunctive mood doesn’t change in spelling only! Get in way to speaking Spanish conversationally a several practice excercises in this city for months! Entrenar/Nosotros ) duro para ganar la competición, since, for,.... Subject pronoun in your answer tense in the imperfecto, 3 rd person singular + ido-participle entrenar/nosotros... The imperfecto, 3 rd person singular + ido-participle ( entrenar/nosotros ) para...