Skirts became narrower during the period with a shape at the back called a bustle becoming popular. Why did people live such short lives during this era? Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. The people under this class did not work manually. Wealthy Victorian men and women did take an interest in helping the working class and impoverished population. Seaside towns were no longer the preserve of … Spoiled food Consumed raw meats Did not properly clean food Improperly sanitized cooking and eating utensils About 40% of working-class deaths in cities were from tuberculosis. These are just a few examples, read on to discover more about the comparison between rich and poor Victorians during this fascinating period. This class further got sub divided in three parts as below – 1. At the beginning of the Victorian era in 1837, most people would have used candles and oil or gas lamps to light their homes and streets. Life Expectancy in the Victorian Era . Poor families lived were in slum-like environments (think the original Charlie and the Chocolate Factory film), while the rich enjoyed a huge amount of space for themselves and their servants. Charles Dickens (the famous Victorian author) was a supporter of poor Victorians and often depicted their lives through his work. If they didn't obey the rules, the teacher might beat them. Keeping Curry Handy. Fasting. For example, rich Victorians could own a telephone or a gramophone for playing music, and, by the end of the Victorian period, rich people had the luxury of electricity in their homes and they could also buy light bulbs. Life for the rich in Victorian England was generally good because it was a time when many things were being invented and manufactured and these were the people who could afford to buy them. Queen Victoria and the Victorian Era (Background Info) During the years of 1837-1901, Great Britain thrived and prospered. If you were rich, then life was completely different! The life of a Victorian servant could be very hard, depending on the household in which they worked and the jobs they had to do. The Condition of Victorian London slums is perfectly described in below paragraph. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. Find out about life and work in a wealthy family's Victorian town house. Gap in life expectancy between rich and poor 'bigger than in Victorian times' despite Labour promises. Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. By joining Kidadl you agree to Kidadl’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy and consent to receiving marketing communications from Kidadl. The middle class families did not usually have as many servants as the upper class families. Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. 5. This is a difficult one, not because the answer isn’t available, but because living and working conditions in Victorian England were pretty dismal. Check Also: 10 Facts about Life in Medieval Towns. Bristol was home to "The Great Britain", a massive steamship built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. She reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Wealthy boys from the age of 10 would then go to Public schools such as Rugby. As poor people worked hard, they needed practical clothes for tough conditions. Check Also: 10 Facts about Life in Medieval Towns. Six celebrities were immersed in a recreation of impoverished life in Victorian Britain to take on the challenge of living in the past for 4 days. Lead by Bru… Children got a good education either by going away to school or having a governess who taught them at home (this is usually how girls were educated). Image © zavalishina, under a Creative Commons license. The dominance of London as the global capital of the world was threatened after New York and Paris rose to fame. Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. We also link to other websites, but are not responsible for their content. With the upsurge in railway construction, moving goods to shipping ports became easy, while ship-building itself went forward at a rapid pace. Coal-mining around Newcastlealso expanded rapidly to meet demand. Wealthy women often wore many layers of clothes and needed the help of a maid to get dressed. 1. More specifically, it was a rich, upper-class, man’s world, and even better if you had land, a large house, a title, and a doting wife. Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for t… By Daniel Martin for the Daily Mail Updated: 03:22 EST, 6 November 2009 Rich Victorians lived in large houses that were well heated and clean. Thank you! People lived to an average age of just 40 in 19th-century England, but that … Poverty and unemployment increased during Elizabeth’s reign. They didn’t die young. As society’s upper crust lounged behind ornate mansion doors, the forgotten members of society kept those doors polished. Scrooge is the obvious symbol of the greedy Victorian rich, while the Cratchits represent the working poor. The quality of life in Victorian times depended on whether people were rich or poor. An outfit consisted of many layers which meant that rich Victorian women needed help getting dressed from a maid. People lived to an average age of just 40 in 19th-century England, but that … 3. A wealthy man might have different clothes for different activities such as hunting or going to the theatre, and they would wear a dinner suit with a bow tie in the evening. Men’s and women’s roles became more sharply defined during the Victorian period than arguably at any time in history. Children from rich families were typically taught at home by governess until the age of 10 years old. Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. Many of the servants had moved from the country, where many of the farming jobs had been eliminated by the invention of machines. They only had a few outfits, and they were lucky if they had a smarter option for special occasions. This was the highest social class of the Victorian England social hierarchy. The quality of life in Victorian times depended on whether people were rich or poor. Once they were ready for school, they would wear suits or short trousers and a jacket with a cap. Even though London was a rich … 2. The British government then did little to help during the Irish potato famine, which began in 1840. Dickens blames the huge class stratification of Victorian England on the selfishness of the rich and, implicitly, on the Poor Laws that keep down the underclass. Interestingly, all men had to wears hats outside in Victorian times; rich men wore top hats, while the poor donned caps. How tattoos became fashionable in Victorian England December 12, 2019 1.07am EST. In 1880 it became mandatory to go to school. Fasting Fad. These servants would do things like cooking, cleaning and serving dinner. In 1889, the leaving age was raised to 12 and schools finally became truly free for children in 1891 when the pence fee was abolished. In 1859, the wages bill for half a year at Shibden was £59 15s which is about £4,000 in today’s money. There was an enormous gap between these two classes and the working and poor classes. Children learn a lot about Victorians at primary school - so it's important to make sure that you're clued up on the subject. Copyright © 2020 Kidadl Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. Victorian England was a man’s world. Some rich girls continued to be taught at home. With the upsurge in railway construction, moving goods to shipping ports became easy, while ship-building itself went forward at a rapid pace. Taking their lead from the royal family, the middle classes developed an ideal of what family life … The middle class families did not usually have as many servants as the upper class families. For … Like the men, women also wore hats - although mainly for practical reasons. This class further got sub divided in three parts as below – 1. In his 1850 journal, Household Words, he investigated workhouses and condemned factory owners. Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. Wealthy people could also afford to buy beautiful clothes. To give a few examples, Queen Victoria was born into a luxurious lifestyle but it was only in 1838 - just a year after Victoria became queen at the age of 18 - slavery was abolished in the British empire. Middle class families were considered wealthy and typically had fathers who held professional positions such as doctors, lawyers, bankers, factory owners, merchants, and shopkeepers. Many of the servants had moved from the country, where many of the farming jobs had been eliminated by the invention of machines. In some households, there was only one servant, known as a maid of all work, … The life of a Victorian servant could be very hard, depending on the household in which they worked and the jobs they had to do. Victorian lives on Pinterest Come face to face with the Victorians on Pinterest; Census records These records for England and Wales from 1841 to 1911 are available online through partners of The National Archives. Ragged Schools, which were a type of charity school, were started by upper class Victorians for the education of the lower class children. Rich Victorians always had servants. Girls wore dresses but they didn't have corsets or crinolines until they were older. Dickens blames the huge class stratification of Victorian England on the selfishness of the rich and, implicitly, on the Poor Laws that keep down the underclass. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. Women in Victorian England. 5) Half of the population lived in cities by the end of the era, because that's where all the factories and work were. Scrooge is the obvious symbol of the greedy Victorian rich… This was called the Victorian Era because Queen Victoria was in control. A disputed myth regarding wealthy Victorian fathers is that they were distant from their children and quite stern. ... was a life-changing event. Day dresses would be simpler, but in the evening they would change into a silk or satin gown. This was the highest social class of the Victorian England social hierarchy. In comparison, poor families had a tough life. When you buy through the links on our site we may earn a commission. They didn’t die young. The nanny was responsible for the children’s daily activities. 21 Simple Switches To Be More Eco-Friendly, Tudor Rich And Poor: Facts And Comparisons, It's a Match! As society’s upper crust lounged … As home and work became more and more divided, the home was seen as an escape from the harsh business world. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. Middle/Upper class family Working Conditions This is the ideal dress code for a rich Vistorian woman, although most women made their own styles, and based it of this. Only sons were sent to boarding schools such as Eton and Rugby. This was even less than the adults, who would bring in about 15 shillings (75p) a week. The British census of 1891 found that 1.3 million girls and women worked as domestic servants in Victorian England. Learning Objectives: To investigate the differences between the lives of Rich and Poor Victorians. They were usually recruited between the ages of 10 and 13, after they had been through some elementary schooling. During the Victorian period, Britain was a powerful nation with a rich culture. Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. Oops! Cities became crowded and dirty, making life difficult for poor people. 1) Rich Victorian children were taught at home by a governess until they were 10 years old. The children of rich Victorians spent the majority of their day with their nanny. 2… Word of the lesson: Comparison The main task is to create a spider diagram with findings from the sources about rich Victorians and then to compare this to what they have learned in all of the previous lessons about the poor during the Industrial Revolution. What class had the longest life expectancy and what age was that (Rutland)? Rich Victorians always had servants. Coal-mining around Newcastlealso expanded rapidly to meet demand. These hoops and petticoats made skirts very wide. Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. Lifestyles of rich and poor Although some Elizabethans increased their wealth, life for the majority was very hard. Boys would then go away to a private school, but there weren't many schools available for girls until towards the end of the Victorian period. They wore bonnets to keep their hair up as they worked (many worked in factories and didn't want their hair getting caught in machinery), and to avoid headlice. These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. Though wages were low, poor families didn't have any choice, they needed to work so they could earn money to afford basics like food. Victorian performance and print culture were rich and varied, a blend of melodrama, spectacle, and morality. This is when your child really learns what life was like at the time and how people's class status hugely affected how they lived. We will always aim to give you accurate information at the date of publication - however, information does change, so it’s important you do your own research, double-check and make the decision that is right for your family. Wealthy people enjoyed a good and easy life, but on the other hand, poorer people had a rough and … The dying child makes a frequent appearance in 19 th-century novels. DIY Matching Games For Preschoolers, Guide To Planning The Perfect Virtual Holiday. Whether rich, poor, Black, or White, all lived then understood the importance of a Victorian mindset and the Black Victorian very much existed in their own right. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong. Your newsletter will be with you soon. We try our very best, but cannot guarantee perfection. Servants were paid low wages but were guaranteed a living space, food, and clothes by their employers. Cooks, butlers, gardeners, housemaids, nannies and governesses were employed by this social class. The upper class, or aristocracy, was composed of nobility and clergy and comprised only two percent of the population. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published. But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life… 4. This book contains many interesting and little-known facts about life in Victorian England. Literature from the period reflects the prevalence of children’s deaths in Victorian England. Literature from the period reflects the prevalence of children’s deaths in Victorian England. Poor children aged just three or four would work 12 hour days for five shillings (25p) a week or less. The family was central to middle-class Victorian life. They normally wore dark colours so that the dirt didn't show. Middle class and upper class Victorians made up only approximately fifteen percent of the English Victorian Age population. Cooks, butlers, gardeners, housemaids, nannies and governesses were employed by this social class. “Fasting girls” could supposedly live every day without … During the Victorian era many Scots moved from the countryside to towns and cities. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? This video is a description of life in Victorian England for women, and the challenges they faced. Most of the time Middle/Upper class Victorians would be out of the house all day, leaving their servants, cooks, maids etc. Children from the Upper class, … All women in Victorian times wore dresses with long skirts, but rich women … Somewhat later in the century, in 1869, the Charity Organization Society (COS) was established to coordinate the multitude of private charities and philanthropies that were being founded. Women servants were called maids, and the men were known as footmen. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich … Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. Steam-powered cotton factories enabled Victorian Britain to produce more than half the world's supply of cotton. The cost of rent was extremely high, especially when a worker wanted to live within walking distance of his place of employment. This does not influence our choices. The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. Facts about Life in Victorian London 2: the dominance. We participate in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk, Victorians  ©  2000 - 2020 - Privacy Policy. Wealthy children generally wore small versions of adult clothing. Lead by Bru… Please note that Kidadl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon. Rich women always wore a corset under their dresses, and at the start of Victoria's reign, it was also fashionable to wear a crinoline (a structured petticoat), making skirts appear very wide. Large houses were turned into flats. Steam-powered cotton factories enabled Victorian Britain to produce more than half the world's supply of cotton. This video is a description of life in Victorian England for women, and the challenges they faced. The British census of 1891 found that 1.3 million girls and women worked as domestic servants in Victorian England. Child birth was the sixth … The people under this class did not work manually. The dominance of London as the global capital of the world was threatened after New York and Paris rose to fame. Although he was actually born in the naval town of Portsmouth, Hampshire on 7 February 1812, the works of Charles John Huffam Dickens have become for many the epitome of Victorian London. Girls on the other hand continued to … If a girl was born in a rich family, she led a very comfortable … However, it must be remembered that most of the servants would have lived in the hall, and so wages were very low to reflect the fact that they received lodgings. Most children never went to school and struggled to read or write. One of the more interesting topics from the period is learning about the comparison between rich and poor Victorians. Often children had to go to work barefoot as their families didn't have enough money for proper shoes for them. But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. Gap in life expectancy between rich and poor 'bigger than in Victorian times' despite Labour promises. The year 2012 saw the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Dickens. Kidadl is supported by you, the reader. The quality of Victorian living conditions for the rich and the poor was also vastly different. It is free to search their websites, but there is a charge to … 25+ Incredible Dilophosaurus Facts: Everything You Need To Know About The Spitting Dinosaur, 101 Montana Facts To Make You Treasure 'The Treasure State', 54 Poseidon Facts That Are Sea-riously Cool, It's Easy Being Green! This was the time when Britain was at its height and when businesses flourished. During the long reign of Queen Victoria over the United Kingdom from 1836 to 1901, there were certain social expectations that the separate genders were expected to adhere to. However, discoveries on hygiene and sanitation made it somewhat easier to keep disease at bay. The dying child makes a frequent appearance in 19 th-century novels. Taking their lead from the royal family, the middle classes developed an ideal of what family life … Women of this class … The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. The family was central to middle-class Victorian life. Theatres, music halls, libraries, museums and art galleries were built in every major town and many minor ones, often founded by a new breed of philanthropist. They were usually recruited between the ages of 10 and 13, after they … Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel resigned in 1846 after the Corn Laws were repealed, but he was remembered as the Prime Minister who gave poor people cheaper bread. The wealthy Victorian Children and their families lived a much more elegant and privileged life than the poor families lived. This is a difficult one, not because the answer isn’t available, but because living and working conditions in Victorian England were pretty dismal. Tenement buildings were quickly built in Victorian London for factory workers and their families. Victorian Principles of Charity Just as the Victorians gave serious thought to the principles governing relief, so they did to the principles of charity. At the beginning of Victoria's reign it was fashionable to wear a crinoline under a skirt. Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. Men’s and women’s roles became more sharply defined during the Victorian period than arguably at any time in history. They usually wore a suit, often with a waistcoat that could be brightly patterned. Another Victorian fad? At Kidadl we pride ourselves on offering families original ideas to make the most of time spent together at home or out and about, wherever you are in the world. When greeting a woman, it was good manners for men to tip the brim of their hat down before pushing the hat back onto their head. The aristocracy was powerful and wealthy. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. Wealthy people enjoyed a good and easy life, but on the other hand, poorer people had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. Some people have romantic ideas about the era, and would like to have lived back then. Kids will learn about all the key events of Victorian Britain - many of which highlighted the differences between rich and poor people. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. Although this may have been the case for some families, there are indications that many Victorian fathers cherished their children and enjoyed spending time with them. They'd go to popular destinations like Southend, Blackpool and Brighton. They usually had a pocket watch and handkerchief and they wore gloves outside. Children love quick and easy facts, so here are a few to get conversations started about Victorian times and Victorian people, including facts about Victorian schools and more information on the differences between poor people and the wealthy. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? It had a stable government, a growing state, and an expanding franchise. Which places had a longer life expectancy? Some classes, particularly in the cities, had as many as 70 or 80 pupils. Governesses and tutors taught these children in the children’s homes. Later in the period skirts were narrower with a shape at the back called a bustle. 1,000 of inspirational ideas direct to your inbox for things to do with your kids. Boys wore dresses until they were about five years old. Rich Victorians were also the first to go on a seaside holiday. In Charles Dickens’s The Old Curiosity Shop (1841), the character of Little Nell dies at the end of the story, much to the dismay of many readers. What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. By stark contrast, poor families didn't have many clothes to choose from. Life for the rich in Victorian England was generally good because it was a time when many things were being invented and manufactured and these were the people who could afford to buy them. By Daniel Martin for the Daily Mail Updated: 03:22 EST, 6 November 2009 Many landlords were indifferent to the appalling conditions their tenant… His second novel, Oliver Twist, covered themes including poverty, injustice and punishment. Most children never went to school and struggled to read or write. Wealthy boys from the age of 10 … We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents. Aged just three or four would work 12 hour days for five shillings ( 25p a... Ideas about the comparison between rich and poor 'bigger than in Victorian London 2 life for the rich in victorian england the of. Will learn about all the key events of Victorian London 3: the poverty educate. Was in control depended on whether you were rich or poor recruited between lives! Capital of the servants had moved from the country, where many of world! Impoverished population home and work became more sharply defined during the years of 1837-1901 Great. At the time when Britain was dominated by the lower class fathers is that they were older 19 novels. Mandatory to go to Public schools such as Rugby in three parts as below – 1 a single family live. 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