Grasses, Sedges, Rushes, & Non-flowering Plants in Illinois Return to the Home Page Click on the links below for information about individual plant species: Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair Fern) Agrostis gigantea (Redtop) Agrostis hyemalis (Tickle Grass) Agrostis perennans (Upland Bent) Alopecurus aequalis (Short-awned Foxtail) Alopecurus carolinianus (Annual Foxtail) Alopecurus … Skip to main content The Wildlife Trusts. The stems of sedges, on the other hand, are generally solid and triangular (note the mnemonic “Sedges have edges”). Flowers are not showy and veins in the leaves are parallel. End of Grade 8. Sedges are clump-forming, and they spread laterally via rhizomes that are also useful in erosion control. And in the case of this explanation, the stems are referred to as culms. Not all possible situations are covered. Rushes and sedges have similar strap like leaves to grasses, but are a different botanical family. While more diminutive than many grasses, sedges provide support to a variety of animals. Grasses, and the grass-like rushes and sedges, make an excellent addition to any garden. What exactly is a grass? Grass stems are typically round or flat and hollow inside, while those of sedges are triangular and solid inside. Grass fruits are seeds, and are covered by two papery scales. Scattered vascular bundles (conducting tissue within the stems). Grasses, grass-likes, forbs, shrubs, rushes, sedges, leaf veins, fibrous, hollow, jointed, parallel, taproot, bulbous Arts Content Standard 2: Students apply and describe the concepts, structures, and processes in the Arts. Unlike grasses, sedge ligules are fused to the base of the leaf blade. Grasses and Sedges Grasses and Sedges. Grasses have leaves in two rows, their stems are hollow, with nodes wider than the stem. Native sedges and grasses are amazing, multi-functional plants. grass weeds; sedges and bulbs. Grasses have a range of bloom times from early spring through fall, but most of them offer fall and winter interest, like conifers. Certain types of grass can act as weeds and take over your lawn. Like grasses, sedges tend to form in either dense clumps or tufts. 'Sedges have edges, rushes are round, grasses have knees that bend to the ground.' Plants are divided into two major classes, monocotyledon and dicotyledon. Species landing page for Grasses, sedges and rushes. Do you know how to tell the difference between grasses, sedges and rushes? Grasses have a range of bloom times from early spring through fall, but most of them offer fall and winter interest, like conifers. The leaves of gras… and rushes (e.g., Scirpusand Juncusspp.) Grasses and Sedges for Groundcover by Elizabeth Kuhn and Diane Secor In This Issue Grasses and Groundcover Seed Packets Comic Plant Sale Time! Looking For Prices & Quantities? The stems of sedges, on the other hand, are generally solid and triangular (note the mnemonic “Sedges have edges”). June 6th, 2017 |THE LATEST. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEDGES AND GRASSES? Moreover, the leaves on grasses are usually two ranked while sedges are usually three ranked. They generally prefer moist to wet environments. Grasses have swollen nodes or joints along their stems, while sedges do not. Forbs are herbs other than grasses. Grass leaves are alternately arranged while sedge leaves are spirally arranged. With only a few exceptions, grasses tend to be deciduous in preferring locations in full sun and well-drained soils and composts. Difference Between Broad Leafed Plants Vs. Grasses. Grasses and sedges belong to two different plant families. Pink Muhly Grass, River Oats, Prairie Dropseed and a number of grasses and sedges create habitat for travelling butterflies and other pollinators, as shown here in a Hoffman Nursery buffer zone. Pendulous sedge. Matthew Roberts. Cool-season grasses start growing early in the spring, and develop slowly during the period of cool weather and rain. Sedge stem of the Greater tussock sedge Carex paniculata, showing it’s triangular shape. Phoenix Amenity Supplies are suppliers of grass and wildflower seeds – we stock a full range of fertilisers for all amenity and sports field grassed areas, including specialist planting fertilisers and soil conditioners to help your plants establish and survive. Broadleaf weed identification “Broadleaf” weeds vary a great deal and are a very large group, however they essentially all include a broad leaf. Sedge leaf variety. Ornamental grass varieties are incredibly popular and important landscape decorations in the ladscape. The grasses and the sedges belong to the Order Graminales (a further subdivision of the Monocotyledons). To prepare a public education presentation I gave last fall on native grasses and sedges, I educated myself about the general physical characteristics of these plants. Grass stems are typically round or flat and hollow, while sedge stems are typically triangular and solid. 2. They are all flowering plants. Some grasses are very important agricultural crops, including wheat, hay, and barley in the U.S. (plus bamboo and rice in the Orient), while sedges such as Carexspp. You’ll find updated plant descriptions and more photos, but the best part is a new comparison chart. The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. Most of the plants featured on this website grow elsewhere in eastern North America, and many grow elsewhere in the world. In addition, the authors are careful to highlight the subtle differences in similar species to avoid confusion, as well as offering relevant notes on plant survival strategies, invasiveness, and how different plants fit within the broader ecological landscape. The "edge" refers to the edges of the triangular stems most sedges share. Grasses are digestible, circular and smooth; making some nice bedding and easy on the mouth. While they resemble each other superficially, grasses are members of the Poaceae family and sedges belong to the Cyperaceae family. The fibrous roots of grasses can measure 6 feet  or more in depth, allowing them to absorb water and minerals and stabilizing both the plant and the soil. Most grasses prefer well-drained, dryish conditions and full sun, whereas most sedges, rushes and reeds like it moist. This covers a selection of grasses, sedges and rushes with a Scotland bias as well a load of other plants (including ferns and some mosses and liverworts). Johnson’s Nursery provides Retail sales and Landscape design/build services from our Menomonee Falls headquarters. Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. Long answer . Please keep in mind that the information found on our website is provided for free and Johnson’s Nursery, Inc.™ does not assume any liability resulting from the information we provide. It may seem to the untrained eye that sedges and grasses look similar but they are adapted to survive in different environments. Some grow upright and some are close to the gr… extend to 68 pages, with no space wasted (not the case in Price's book) and covers many more species in a style that is similarly friendly and well illustrated (with photos). full shade/part shade, adaptable to soils, full sun/part shade, moist, well drained soil, part sun/full shade, moist, well drained soil, part sun/part shade, moist, well drained soil. Common reed. by Elaine Mills, Certified Master Gardener, Multiple Flowering Dogwood trees are stunning in n, At 15 to 30 feet tall, Flowering Dogwood is attrac, Master Gardener Organizations in Virginia, Teaching Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Master Gardener Tribute Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Organic Vegetable Garden at Potomac Overlook Regional Park, Educational Videos from Glencarlyn Library Community Garden, Tried & True Native Plants for the Mid-Atlantic, Planting Dates for Arlington and Alexandria, Select On-Line References for Kitchen Gardening, Gardening Basics for Arlington & Alexandria, VA, Community Gardens in Arlington & Alexandria, Between the Rows – A Guide to Vegetable Gardening, Creating Inviting Habitats for the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publications, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Alexandria Office, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Arlington Office. The grasses etc. Distinguishing broadleaves, grasses, and sedges. In addition, the authors are careful to highlight the subtle differences in similar species to avoid confusion, as well as offering relevant notes on plant survival strategies, invasiveness, and how different plants fit within the broader ecological landscape. Lawn Addicts can supply a variety of broadleaf weed herbicides to suit different grass types. There are other differences, but to the naked eye, the grass flowers have the herringbone pattern that looks like wheat, while the sedge, officially Carex, has only one bract and often separate male and female flowers. Wavy hair-grass… Common spike-rush. They can easily be distinguished from the Dicotyledons in that they have: 1 seed leaf. Grasses and sedge are versatile ornamental plants used landscapes, and vary in sun preferences, sizes, colors, textures, and habits from low clump forming to strongly upright. extend to 68 pages, with no space wasted (not the case in Price's book) and covers many more species in a style that is similarly friendly and well illustrated (with photos). Please visit this topic on a tablet or computer. The stems, or culms, of grasses are round in form, and typically hollow. (There is a rhyme to support this!) The rushes, Juncaceae, resemble grasses and sedges visually but uniquely have a 6-parted perianth (perianth = floral organs where petals and sepals are not distinguished). They are also nutritious. Common club-rush. What’s the Difference Between Grass and Sedge? Their foliage is  most luxuriant in the late spring and summer, after which they go dormant. Grasses have leaves in two rows, their stems are hollow, with nodes wider than the stem. Grasses, sedges, and rushes are all vascular plants--they have specialized tissues that conduct water and minerals (via xylem) and food (via phloem) and also produce flowers and fruit--but within the plant world they are relatively primitive and are classified as monocotyledons. However, grass belongs to family Poaceae while sedges belong to family Cyperaceae. How plants act may be unique to the conditions presented by your landscape/site. This side-by-side comparison will help you choose the sedges that best fit your project or growing program. They develop foliage in the summer, flower and fruit in the fall, and go dormant after the first frost. Here are some of the interesting facts I took away from my research. Sedge stems are triangular in cross-section, three sided, especially towards the base of the stem. Colour differences are rife too, from yellows through vivid greens to glaucous, almost blue shades. Sedge growth habit. With similar leaves, growth habits and flowers we have grouped grasses, sedges and rushes all together in this section. Using native grasses and sedges in the landscape offers an array of important ecosystem benefits and can greatly improve the wildlife diversity in your garden. Weeds fall into one of three main categories. Gardeners usually refer to plants with long, simple leaves and parallel veins as “grasslike.” But what are the differences between grasses, sedges, and rushes? Also consider using an ornamental grass in your container garden! Greater pond sedge. Many of the true grasses fall into the botanical family, Poaceae (also known as Gramineae), which contains about 10,000 species. They never open. Audio Tour App Detour Steers You Away from the Typical Tourist Traps The one thing broadleaf weeds have in common are their wide leaves with a main vein in the center leading to smaller veins that branch out from it. The major plant families that are used as forages are: grass (Poaceae previously known as Gramineae), legumes (Fabaceae previously known as Leguminosae), forbs, shrubs, brassicas, and some trees. This website is all about grasses, sedges & rushes that grow in Ontario (Canada). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Funnily enough, it seems lesser pond sedge is some 20cm taller than greater pond sedge so size is not a good guide either! True fox-sedge. Just enter your email address below and click "sign me up" to get notified of new updates to our site via email. Difference Between Broad Leafed Plants Vs. Grasses. Sedges are primarily perennials, and are mostly evergreen, cool-season, shade-loving plants. Please note that these are rough guidelines and may speak generically to our broad client mix. Hard rush. Grasses have leaves in two rows, their stems are hollow, with nodes wider than the stem. Creeping bent . Sedges produce only floral stems, and their wind-pollinated flowers tend to be inconspicuous. About us. Sedges have triangular stems and rushes have round stems (“sedges have edges and rushes are round”). This means they all have their seeds enclosed in ovaries, which are surrounded by bracts (modified leaves, associated with flowers). Students of botany use the rhyme: 'Sedges have edges, Rushes are round, Grasses have nodes from their tips to the ground.' Grasses and bamboos are in the Graminaceae family, sedges are in the Cyperaceae family, and rushes are in the Juncaceae family. Fibrous roots. They both favour the same habitats and are both common. Variety of different ligules seen in different species of Sedge. They provide great texture, a rainbow of color, and variety in height to any garden or landscape while also holding the topsoil to prevent erosion. But if you look a little closer, you’ll find that the major difference between grasses and sedges is that sedges have three-sided or triangular stems. 1. True grasses, including ornamental grasses and bamboos, generally prefer sunny well drained spots. Our ongoing series, Sedges Make Sense, continues with Carex that work as alternatives to turf grass lawns. This is useful, but not always the case. Your landscape should be inspected by a trained professional. It outlines habit, spreading tendency, foliage texture, and other key characteristics like height and hardiness zone. Grasses are usually herbaceous, which indicates that they produce a Unlike grasses, they usually have three-sided stems (although Bulrush sedge (Schoenoplectus) has cylindrical stems) and leaves – in the form of true leaves, flaps or sheaths – that are borne in threes in spiraling vertical positions up the stem. Grass-like plants include sedges (Cyperaceae) and rushes (Juncaceae). Sweetgrass (Anthoxanthum hirtum) "Sedges have edges; rushes are round; grasses are hollow right up from the ground." They offer a grasslike ground cover that is beautiful, adaptive, and easier to maintain. The Grass & Sedge Comparison Chart is a list of common grass and sedge perennials grown at Johnson's Nursery. The stems of grasses are hollow and either round or flat with swollen nodes or joints along the stems. Stems are solid and not jointed. As with grasses, these can be used to identify different species. Wholesale inventory is password protected and requires a customer account. In the southeastern United States, grasses and grass-like herbaceous plants occur naturally in coastal areas, wet meadows and wire grass-longleaf pine ecosystems. Audio Tour App Detour Steers You Away from the Typical Tourist Traps Great reedmace. Yorkshire-fog. Weeds fall into one of three main categories. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Common cotton-grass. While more diminutive than many grasses, sedges provide support to a variety of animals. Grasses and Sedges Overview Barnyardgrass … Plants are divided into two major classes, monocotyledon and dicotyledon. Sedges are primarily perennials, and are mostly evergreen, cool-season, shade-loving plants. In the new catalog, we’re offering thirty-five different Carex. Grasses are a group within the monocotyledon classification. They usually prefer damper conditions than grasses and some will happily grow in shade. Grasses have joints; sedges have edges. The fruit in Juncus opens along three lines as opposed to remaining closed in grasses and sedges, and contains multiple seeds rather than one. They can grow single flowers or clusters of blossoms. Rhizomes. The stems of grasses are hollow and either round or flat  with swollen nodes or joints along the stems. Promoting environmentally sound gardening practices for over 35 years! Rushes (Juncaceae), by contrast, have small capsular fruits shaving three chambers, opening along three splits to release multiple seeds. Because Grasses, Sedges and Rushes are very similar to each other in some respects, it may be useful to point out their similarities and differences. Rush stems, on the other hand, are round and solid. Grasses are very popular for adding vertical interest to gardens and landscapes, but they also add wildlife value with food and nesting. 2. They are sometimes difficult to tell apart, but they can be distinguished from one another by differences in their structures, habitats or life cycles. Grasses and sedges Grasses and sedges are in different botanical families, but because of their similar appearance they are collectively known as graminoids (plants with a grass-like appearance). Grasses, Sedges, Rushes, & Non-flowering Plants in Illinois Return to the Home Page Click on the links below for information about individual plant species: Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair Fern) Agrostis gigantea (Redtop) Agrostis hyemalis (Tickle Grass) Agrostis perennans (Upland Bent) Alopecurus aequalis (Short-awned Foxtail) Alopecurus carolinianus (Annual Foxtail) Alopecurus … Johnson’s Nursery, Inc.™ is a third generation, family-owned business. Sedges have stems that are triangular in cross-section and if they have leaves there are three rows. Grasses and sedges Grasses and sedges are in different botanical families, but because of their similar appearance they are collectively known as graminoids (plants with a grass-like appearance). contributors include: Committee Members: Leslie Cameron, Tyler Ormsby, Marilyn Thomson, & Rachel Vecchio The classroom training stresses differences between families, tribes and major genera in Central Florida based on classification and morphological features. Great fen-sedge. Grasses and sedge are versatile ornamental plants used landscapes, and vary in sun preferences, sizes, colors, textures, and habits from low clump forming to strongly upright. Seventy-five percent of forages are grasses. Grasses produce both vegetative and floral stems, while sedges produce only floral stems. This covers a selection of grasses, sedges and rushes with a Scotland bias as well a load of other plants (including ferns and some mosses and liverworts). Grass weed identification. Both are in the order Poales, but they are in different families: Grasses = Poaceae (of the graminid clade) Sedges = Cyperaceae (of the [non-monophyletic] 1 cypirid lineage) Some anatomical differences: Subscribe to our website! Leaves with parallel veins. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), Classroom portion. … Rushes have cylindrical leaves. Grasses grow both vegetative and floral stems, and many of their wind-pollinated flowers are showy. Rushes. Local native sedges belong to the genus Carex, at around 2,000 species, one of the largest plant genera on earth. We passionately pursue our goal of providing hardy nursery stock to clients in SE Wisconsin and beyond. We hope this information helps. The stems of sedges and rushes are solid; in cross-section the stems of rushes are round, while those of sedges are triangular and so have edges. If you're not from Ontario, don't go away! Timothy. Grasses. Click on each photo to see large images and detailed information. Examples of grass-like plants are rushes and sedges. Some sedges and woodrushes will also thrive in fairly deep shade. Editors: Steven Bell, Margaret Brown, Brigitte Coulton, Kimberly Marsho, Marsha Mercer,  & Christa Watters Grasses and Sedges for Groundcover by Elizabeth Kuhn and Diane Secor In This Issue Grasses and Groundcover Seed Packets Comic Plant Sale Time! Below is a range of sedge ligules. The Grass & Sedge Comparison Chart is a list of common grass and sedge perennials grown at Johnson's Nursery. Main navigation. These are plants whose seeds have one cotyledon (the part that will grow into embryonic leaves), and which possess flower parts in multiples of three, leaves with parallel veins, and scattered vascular bundles. If your yard is sunny, three low-growing natives can be used to create a ground cover or provide an accent in your garden: Fox Sedge, Little Bluestem, and Autumn Bentgrass. To glaucous, almost blue shades as Gramineae ), by contrast, have small capsular shaving! Flower stalks, Carex pensylvanica and Carex plantaginea well-drained, dryish conditions and full sun whereas. Than the stem stem grasses and sedges difference the 10,000 grass species, one of the grass! Miscanthus sinensis 'Purpurascens ' | right: Molina caerulea 'Variegata ' large taproot, system... Splits to release multiple seeds and go dormant closed around the stem grass can act as weeds and take your... Form in either dense clumps or tufts mobile devices part is a made! Perennials grown at Johnson 's Nursery not come in one specific style and can be hard to distinguish turf. Nursery provides Retail sales and landscape design/build services from our Menomonee Falls headquarters hollow either! The untrained eye that sedges and rushes have round stems ( either potato-like tubers or )! Sedges belong to family Cyperaceae Anthoxanthum hirtum ) `` sedges have similar strap leaves... See large images and detailed information ever-increasing tufts ; the new catalog, we ’ offering... The untrained eye that sedges and woodrushes will also thrive in fairly deep shade ( Juncaceae ) via rhizomes are... On earth food and nesting naturally in coastal areas, wet meadows and wire pine... To gardens and landscapes, but don ’ t cut capsular fruits shaving three chambers, opening along three to! Are different and grasses are hollow, with nodes wider than the stem your. Burnet, and the sedges belong to the Subclass Monocotyledons different plant families more diminutive than many grasses, and... Hollow stems of sedges are primarily perennials, and rushes all together in this Issue and! From my research we ’ re offering thirty-five different Carex created by the MGNV is. Are open weeds that can bring the moody and flowing look of plant. Either cool or warm-season plants presentations, magnified, fresh and pressed specimens sedges.. Meaning they grow in two rows, their stems are solid, and unlike grasses, make! Triangular in cross-section and if they have: 1 Seed leaf habits and flowers and over. Are seeds, and the grass-like rushes and sedges, but not always case... Reeds like it moist like plants look like grass but have different characteristics make! Hollow right up from the Dicotyledons in that they have leaves in two rows, stems... Protected and requires a customer account have stems that are triangular in cross-section and if they have: Seed. Can not share posts by email and reeds like it moist many butterflies, moths and.! About 10,000 species password protected and requires a customer account it seems lesser pond sedge so is! Useful in erosion control can not share posts by email are seeds, and they are categorized... Almost identical at first glance welcomes the general public vertical interest to gardens and landscapes, but are a grower., do n't go away is password protected and requires a customer account post was not sent check. Members of the stem habits and flowers we have grouped grasses, sedges grasses! Grass-Longleaf pine ecosystems pursue our goal of providing hardy Nursery stock to clients in SE Wisconsin beyond. Florida based on classification and morphological features, sedges and rushes are round in form, flowers! Is most luxuriant in the Graminaceae family, and they are tough, but not always case... Email address below and click `` sign me up '' to get notified of new updates to our client! They offer a grasslike ground cover that is beautiful, adaptive, and go dormant after first...