While literature predates this list of movements, literary movements began in the early modern period, well after the Renaissance. Pre-1900 poetry appears to be the most repetitious movement, whereas Avant-Garde poetry is the most lexically rich. By the 1950s, poets at the heart of the movement had settled in the Bay Area, especially in neighborhoods near Beat poet and publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti’s bookstore, City Lights. Generally meant to be performed and heard, the poetry of this movement sought to shock its audience out of complacency by making liberal use of bold, explicit language and material. Literary Movements Timeline Timeline Description: Literary movements are marked by shared traits of style, subject, and literary genre. Partly as a result of this, critics have struggled with defining and compartmentalizing it, so it is still less well-known than it might be. It grew out of the philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that followed the … Both poets turned to untraditional sources for inspiration: Pound to classical Chinese poetry and Eliot to the ironic poems of the 19th century French symbolist poet Jules Laforgue. Symbolist Movement in Poetry By Nasrullah Mambrol on March 28, 2016 • ( 6 ) A term specifically applied to the work of late 19th century French writers who reacted against the descriptive precision and objectivity of realism and the scientific determinism of naturalism, Symbolism was first used in this sense by Jean Moreas in Le Figaro in 1886. Romanticism A poetic movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries that turned toward nature and the interior world of feeling, in opposition to the mannered formalism and disciplined scientific inquiry of the Enlightenment era that preceded it. To be a 'school' a group of poets must share a common style or a common ethos. A postmodern literary movement where writers use their speaking voice to present fiction, poetry, monologues, and storytelling arising from Beat poetry, the Harlem Renaissance, and the civil rights movement in the urban centers of the United States. In the chart below, Avant-Garde is the only movement where a whisker reaches a value of 1.0, and all of it’s quartiles are well above the other movements. Romantic poetry is the poetry of the Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe towards the end of the 18th century.It involved a reaction against prevailing Enlightenment ideas of the 18th century, and lasted approximately from 1800 to 1850. At first, they organized in New York City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. Language Poetry. Beat poets sought to write in an authentic, unfettered style. H. D. followed Pound to Europe and wrote poems that, in their extreme concision and precise visualization, most purely embodied his famous doctrine of imagism. The poetry is often characterized by its use of free verse and anaphora as a poetic device. Poetry groups and movements or schools may be self-identified by the poets that form them or defined by critics who see unifying characteristics of a body of work by more than one poet. Concrete Poetry is perhaps the only significant twentieth-century art movement that is also a significant twentieth-century literature movement. Origins: The Language Poetry movement takes its name from L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E, an avant-garde magazine edited by Charles Bernstein and Bruce Andrews, which ran from 1978 to 1981. A broadly defined multinational cultural movement (or series of movements) that took hold in the late 19th century and reached its most radical peak on the eve of World War I.