Hi, I’m Ley Pickens with Super-Sod. “People either water too much, which smothers the seed, or they don’t water enough so it doesn’t come out,” he says. Not only does red clover boost a pasture’s quality, diversity, and even yield, it’s also easy and economical to add in to an existing stand. The first question that must be answered is are you overseeding your lawn or "starting from scratch"? Good recommends a verticutter, which cuts vertical slits into the soil. Cons of overseeding with ryegrass. A short cut also helps sunlight reach new seedlings and prevents seeds from getting stuck in the vegetation. Fescue grass originated in Europe and was brought to the United States in the 1800s. mulching grass clippings is good for your lawn, Best and Worst U.S. Cities for Remote Workers, 5 Critters to Keep Out of Your New Orleans Yard, Turn Your Yard Into a Certified Wildlife Habitat, 2021’s Best and Worst States for Living Off the Grid, 10 Walkway Ideas for Your Yard and Garden, 14 Treehouse Ideas for Your Backyard Playhouse. General Seeding Rates For Fescue Grass Seeding rates for tall fescue lawns are between 5-10 pounds seeded at 1000 square feet and between 220-435 pounds seeded per acre. Tall Fescue grass seed is used to overseed warmer grass pastures in areas of adaptation and fill in while the warm season forage is in dormancy. The existing grass will get a boost, too. Tall fescue is a good choice if you are looking for a drought-tolerant grass that stands up to heavy foot traffic. The first step in forage management is the proper establishment of pasture and hay fields. Remove weeds from the pasture before you start. The best time of the year for overseeding with fescue is four to six weeks before the first killing frost for your area. No. In a recent survey (2011), over 40 percent of Arkansas producers reported having added clover to pastures within the past five years and over 25 percent planted clover in fescue pastures to reduce fescue toxicity in their livestock. The North Carolina Cooperative Extension lays out some guidelines for picking the right grass seed. Water everything in and keep the seedbed consistently moist to ensure rapid germination. "When it's time to plant, drill the seed and wait for the rain. I plant every year, and have had only a couple of minor failures. Especially in a pasture containing toxic fescue, red clovers with biochanin A can be an important for preventing fescue toxicosis and improving weaning weights, and for milk production, and conception rates. Mow your Bermuda grass low, setting your lawnmower to a height of about 1 inch. Too much mulch cover will smother the seedlings. A verticutter, or vertical mower, makes sure the seed comes into contact with the soil once you spread it. Once you’ve mowed that fall season lawn a few times, the next step is celebrating. Broadleaf herbicides should not be applied until the lawn has grown sufficiently to be mowed three times. (2) Improve animal performance- Research has shown that clovers improve animal gains and conception rates. "One way to combat this problem is to overseed crabgrass into your KY 31 fescue pastures," says Patrick Davis, MU Extension Regional Livestock Field Specialist. It germinates quickly and grows well in extreme heat conditions. A: Although late fall is the optimum time to plant fescue, mid- to late February is a workable alternate. If you choose to use Scotts tall fescue seed mix and a Scotts rotary spreader, use a setting of 7 1/2 for overseeding and a setting of 18 when establishing a new lawn. by Dan Undersander, Carl Fredericks, and Laura Paine University of Wisconsin and Grassworks Inc. PDF Version. Overseeding Ryegrass on Pasture. tional quality of hay and pasture, extend grazing seasons and reduce the need for nitrogen fertilizer. Overseeding your pasture with winter ryegrass is a cost- and time-effective way to ensure that your animals are supplied with nourishment in the early spring (and throughout the winter, in limited fashion) and ensure that you have adequate groundcover when spring rolls around. Fescue is one of the more drought-resistant field plants grown in Missouri. I was thinking of a small disc set up (not at an angle) or perhaps dragging a chain harrow. Overseeding Fescue Lawns. Only overseed fescue lawns with fescue grass seed; fescue is not very invasive and your lawn will end up looking patchy if you use two types of grass. Check the bag your seed mix came in to double-check those seed germination rates. I put a house in the middle of pasture grass. But to help turfgrass like fescue establish, the extension says, let it first reach 4.5 inches and mow it back down to 3 inches the first time you mow. For tall fescue, the normal rate is generally 6 to 8 pounds of seed per 1,000 square feet on bare soil. Ryegrass is cheap. Because you have to water rye and fescue seed regularly to get it to germinate, you can often end up cause fungal disease problems in your St. Augustine lawn. It can be done over the entire pasture or limited to trouble areas. Everyone is scrambling for hay which is already very expensive or selling their livestock. Rake the grass clippings into a pile and remove them from the lawn. Coarse fescue varieties, such as Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue or Alta are much larger plants having wider blades that were originally designed as pasture grass. Ryegrass grows fast. Begin with frequent, light irrigation and progress to deeper, more infrequent watering as the seedlings and their root system become established. Q: I know October is the best time for overseeding a fescue lawn but can it be done in the spring? The renovated pasture will be out of production for eight to nine months. Legumes are vulnerable to most pasture herbicides, low soil pH, and low soil fertility. You’ve got a newly rejuvenated tall fescue lawn that will tolerate incoming cooler temperatures and stay thick and green longer. One of the larger fescues this is a valuable grazing grass which can also be made into hay. Research Can overseeding toxic fescue pastures with small grains and/or clovers . Fescue grass grows best in well-drained soils at air temperatures between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and comes in a number of different cultivars: Not using high-quality seed is one of the top mistakes Good sees when homeowners overseed in the fall. It germinates quickly and grows well in extreme heat conditions. An Auburn University overseeding Overseeding annual ryegrass is best done two weeks before the first frost or when soil temperatures reach 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Fescue grass originated in Europe and was brought to the United States in the 1800s. Keep weeds out, too. The North Carolina Extension recommends aerating to reduce soil compaction and help increase soil to seed contact. Make plans to supply extra feed or reduce cattle numbers during this period. fescue pasture overseeded with 6 lbs./A of red clover seed yielded more than two tons more forage per acre than fescue pastures fertilized with 90 lbs of Nitrogen. Good says it’s likely the most common mistake homeowners make when overseeding. For best results, either use only endophyte-in-fected tall fescue as the grass in a pasture or use the other grasses, such as orchardgrass or endophyte-free tall fescue – donʼt plant a mixture of endophyte-infected tall fescue with another cool-season grass. And with careful management of winter grazing, the primary forage in the pasture will quickly bounce back with spring growth. Seed choice is paramount. The best time to overseed with fescue grass is in the early fall. Rates up to 150 seeds/sq foot will give faster initial ground cover but no more yield. Allow those clippings to fall into the turf, where they’ll return nutrients to the soil. Cut your grass to approximately 1 inch high. Overseeding a fescue lawn helps to fill in bare spots, thickens the lawn and allows the introduction of newer fescue varieties. However, this practice does not eliminate fescue toxicity. Some gardeners prefer to replace it with fescue, a cool-season grass that does best in the fall, winter and spring. Get easy-to-understand, actionable yard tips that will give you the greenest grass on the block. That generally equates to days when air temperature consistently hits 60 to 75 degrees. Tall fescue is a good choice if you are looking for a drought-tolerant grass that stands up to heavy foot traffic. Mow your Bermuda grass low, setting your lawnmower to a height of about 1 inch. Since Bermuda grass is a warm-season grass and fescue is a cool season grass, the two seem like a match made in heaven. It makes the summer lawn look lush. The cool bluish fescue will perk up the bare spots left by the summer Bermuda grass. Harrow the pasture to break up manure, old hay piles, etc. But it does not do well in cooler weather and may need to be overseeded in the fall. It does best in moist areas but can handle periods of drought fairly well. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. After the soil is ready, it’s time to choose the right type of seed, the guide says. The best method of seeding is with a no-till drill. Fescue Rule: An important rule is if you have a turf-type tall fescue lawn, do not overseed with a coarse type tall fescue seed. The Kansas State University Extension says this is the only product other than seeds needed for seeding a lawn. Cut that in half for overseeding and you get 3 to 4 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Push the spreader back and forth over your lawn. Overseeding. Your yard is ready. Overseeding non-toxic forages into toxic fescue pastures does reduce the effect of fescue toxicity by diluting the amount of toxin ingested. You will see germination in about two to three weeks. This video shows the overseeding of a pasture with rye grass. No. To succeed, seeds need to make good contact with the soil. Overseeding Your Tall Fescue Lawn Part 1: The Setup. For 6-7 months, these yards were lush green with ryegrass. Unlike most occasions, when mulching grass clippings is good for your lawn, bag the clippings for this mow so they don’t interfere. It also recommends keeping foot traffic off young seedlings for at least a month, as they’re easily injured. The key is getting good seed-to-soil contact. Great prices, professional service and fast shipping! fescue pasture overseeded with 6 lbs./A of red clover seed yielded more than two tons more forage per acre than fescue pastures fertilized with 90 lbs of Nitrogen. You want it to be zero. Overseeding consists of planting seed in a field with existing grass cover to fill in bare patches and thicken the stand. You want to wait until the soil temperature falls to 50 degrees to 65 degrees Fahrenheit to get the best germination from your fescue seeds. In addition to these goals, Locke notes overseeding can be used for a variety of things, including raising soil organic matter for enhanced water holding capacity and boosting overall forage quality. This is where you may need mulch. Overseeding makes the grass more attractive and use-able during the winter months. By May of 2007, the ryegrass began to die off with virtually no fescue to show in it's place. Overseeding with fescue grass is not much different than overseeding with any perennial grass. (Bonus points for finding lost shoes, fly masks and halters!) In fact, planting should be delayed until about October 15 th in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont. Thatch also impedes growth from new seed, so it’s next on the to-do list. Michigan State says spreading a light mulch of hay will retain soil moisture and keep seedlings from drying out. Any other ideas? The perennial bluegrass, bromegrass, quackgrass provide a dependable ground cover and source of forage. Completely renovating an E+ tall fescue pasture to establish an NE tall fescue variety is a major operation. Everyone is scrambling for hay which is already very expensive or selling their livestock. If using lime, apply before seeding. Ryegrasses are excellent, high quality forage, establishing rapidly and producing good yield in the seeding year if cool (50 to 75°F) exist and adequate moist is available. If you are overseeding a large area, use an aerator, a machine that pulls up small plugs of earth, over the entire area. Reseeding can be necessary to increase nutritional value, eradicate weeds, fill in bare spots, and improve the stand after disease problems or poor management. Sufficient grass height allows the turf to mature before winter sets in and minimizes encroachment from weeds. As part of the planning process you’ll need to consider what seeding method will work best for your new pasture. However, none of these species are as high in forage quality as ryegrass which lacks winterhardiness for long-term stands in Wisconsin. Bermuda grass is a warm-season grass that thrives in the heat of midsummer. You do it, he says, when the lawn is weak after long, hot, dry summers wreak havoc on your grass. clover do an effective job reducing the effects of fescue toxicosis. The best time for overseeding is the fall when weed competition is low and ideal … And cooler temperatures on the horizon aren’t likely to do your lawn any favors. The cost per ton of forage produced was about $4.86 for the clover-fescue mix versus $9.13 for the fertilized fescue pastures. After weeks of waiting, the weather finally calmed down enough to get my own pasture seeded. This mixture is adapted from our Equine Pasture mix, it uses traditional, non ryegrass species, ideal for fields that need patching up when a non ryegrass mixture is preferred. Cool season pasture species include, but are not limited to, tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, white clover, red clover, and alfalfa. Then turn and push it up and down to make sure you do not miss any areas. I want to overseed with fescue this spring and I need a implement, preferably less than $500, to score the soil but not totally destroy the current grass, so the seeds take root. So how do you help it recover and prepare it for the colder weather ahead? Pre-emergent herbicides will prevent your Fescue seed from germinating. Cut to about 1.5 inches before overseeding, so the new seedlings can compete with the existing grass and weeds. Important information about tall fescue that is safe for horses and livestock. Set your sprinklers up so that all areas of the yard will get water and leave the sprinklers on for approximately 10 minutes each time. Establishment Hay crops were very short this spring and there is pretty much zero pasture left after no rain and temps over 100 degrees for the past few days. “The yield of a tall fescue-clover mixture will be equal to a pure tall fescue stand fertilized in spring with 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Overseeding requires about half the normal seeding rate, or the rate that would be used on bare soil, including totally bare spots in your lawn. It provides some germination, but “using existing soil and verticutting is a much better method,” Good says. (1) Increase yield- Research has shown that tall fescue and orchardgrass over seeded with clovers, will produce more forage than a pure tall fescue or orchardgrass pasture fertilized with 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre. 2. Overseeding of pasture or hay land with cool season annual legumes and grasses and with perennial legumes can be made much later in sod than in prepared seedbeds because the existing sod provides protection for the developing seedlings during the winter. Right along the line between cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses, Kansas likely sees more lawn renovation in the fall than anywhere in the country, he says. This will help you to have a lush and healthy lawn all year long. With the price of fertilizer, this can save a significant amount of money,” Bates says. Run a soil test two weeks prior to overseeding. For tall fescue, the normal rate is generally 6 to 8 pounds of seed per 1,000 square feet on bare soil. All the information is on the seed bag: With high-quality fescue grass seed in hand, it’s time to move on to preparing the lawn. Ryegrass will compete for nutrients needed by the lawn in spring. 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